Since 1999, the Rating Agency SAM, has been evaluating the major 2500 world companies in terms of capitalization for their inclusion in the Dow Jones Sustainability Index World (which selects 10% of the first 2500 firms belonging to the Dow Jones Wilshire Global Index ) and in the Dow Jones Sustainability Index STOXX formed by 20% of the best performing European firms, in terms of corporate responsibility, that are part of the Dow Jones STOXX 600.
Socially Responsible Investing (SRI)
It consists of selecting share and bond investments on the basis of specific ethical parameters, commonly defined as negative or excluding selection criteria and positive or including selection criteria. Negative criteria exclude, for example, businesses involved in weapons production and trade, in tobacco production and distribution, in biotechnology for foods, in pesticides. Moreover, investments in Countries that do not respect human rights are avoided. With positive criteria, the selection includes companies that distinguish themselves for promoting respect and control of ethical, social and environmental performance aspects. The selection of companies included in ethical funds and in socially responsible investors is based on the ethical rating by specialized firms.
All those (people, groups, organizations, institutions ) who are interested in the company’s activity, especially if such activity directly affects them in economic terms - such as for shareholders, employees, customers and suppliers – but even if the relationship is more indirect, as in the case of community interest in environment preservation.
Set of power plants and accessory systems linked to a power line or transformer that links said elements to the Grid with the busbars of a power station.
Sectioning and manoeuvring device able to carry and interrupt current under normal operating conditions, as well as during specific exceptional operating conditions, such as in the case of short circuits.
Part of a grid consisting of the set of equipment used to distribute the electricity among the lines of a grid at the same level of voltage.
Electrical machine used for the connection and transfer of energy between grids at difference voltage levels.
Part of a grid consisting of the set of equipment used to transfer electricity between grids with different voltages.
Electricity transport and transformation activities along the interconnected high and extra-high voltage grid for the purposes of delivery to clients, distributors and recipients of self-produced energy.
The activity of transporting and transformation electricity across the Grid.
High and extra-high voltage power line, overhead or cable, used for the transport of electricity from the production plants to the distribution systems or to users.
Unified management of the Grid
Coordinated management of all portions of the Grid.
Founded in 2002, Vigeo is a rating European agency dealing with CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) which provides managers and ethical fund operators with reports, benchmarking and detailed analyses on the sustainability of companies.
Unit of measurement of voltage.