This section describes the strands of research that comprise Terna's activities for the innovation and development of new technological and engineering solutions that increase plant reliability and quality of service.
The initiatives within the Smart Grid project regard development work on electricity grids, connected or otherwise to the electricity system, aimed at an "intelligent" management of electrical resources therein, both on the production side (renewables and others) and the load side (domestic and industrial users), also including any storage systems. The initiative objectives include:
● the optimal usage of the available resources;
● the introduction and testing of new services;
● creation and testing of aggregation tools for production and loading, with possible involvement in the electricity market;
● the management of intermittent renewable sources, more flexible management of the grid;
● an increase in efficiency and a reduction in electricity cost;
● a reduction in polluting emissions with a lower use of traditional local generation (diesel).
Additional sub-areas are included within this area: Active Demand, Smart Islands and, more generally, New Smart Technologies.
The company's commitment to sustainability is divided into three areas with the purpose of:
● reducing the impact of company assets on the environment;
● strengthening the grid with the aim of supporting the transition towards renewables and towards a more efficient and rational consumption model;
● pre-empting and correcting the impact of climate change on electrical infrastructures in order to optimally plan future development.
The corporate development strategy is based on innovation, research and development, which are all key factors in identifying future approaches to technologies and, therefore, investments.
In Terna's case, it would be reductive to limit itself exclusively to its own scope of action since the ability to intelligently integrate processes and areas forms the basis of Smart Grid development, which increases overall efficiency and maximises potential.
It is within this context that Terna will take the route of Open Innovation with companies featuring strong strategic importance in future grid development.
These collaborations will be open to sharing objectives and ideas, with the aim of creating a network of national and international excellences able to ensure a result that is greater than the sum of its parts.
Terna has developed and continues to search for new solutions to improve the visual impact of the pylons. The main projects are currently:
This is the low-environmental-impact pylon which offers a reduction of up to 15 times the area occupied by the lines and the ground surface occupied by pylons (from 150 square metres for a truncated pyramidal pylon down to 10 square metres).
This pylon is already in use along some of the latest lines constructed by Terna, in particular the “Chignolo Po-Maleo” 380kV power line, for which 70% of the total route has single-stem pylons for a total of 88; the “Trino-Lacchiarella” line which has a total of 201; and the first stretch of the “Foggia-Benevento” line with 40 pylons. Other single-stem pylons are in use on the “Laino-Rizziconi” line (5) and the “S. Fiorano-Robbia” line (2).
As regards instead lines under construction, for “Udine-Redipuglia” 114 single-stem pylons are planned while for the “Benevento 2-Benevento 3” stretch of the “Foggia-Benevento” there are another 28.
This is the “design” pylon which won Norman Foster, one of the major exponents of high-tech architecture, the international award “Pylons for the Environment”, held by Terna in 1999 and which marked the transition from technical design to one blending in with the landscape.
Some units have been operating for some time along the “Santa Barbara-Tavarnuzze-Casellina” line.
Winner of the "Pylons of the future" competition, launched by Terna in 2007 and concluded in 2009, to find new design solutions for pylons, able to change the visual perception.
Designed by architect Hugh Dutton (head of the Giorgio Rosental architecture group), this pylon has been in use since 2013.
It is located between Piedmont and Lombardy, along a section of the 380kV "Trino-Lacchiarella" power line.
SAPEI the world records cable