Electricity does not exist in nature: it must therefore be
produced, transforming the energy from primary sources into
electricity.Electricity production in Italy still largely takes place using
non-renewable sources (natural gas, coal and oil), although the
development of renewable sources is constantly increasing:
geothermal, hydroelectric, solar and wind energy.
In order to meet Italian energy requirements, electricity also
needs to be purchased from other countries. Most of the
electricity we import through the 25 interconnections with
foreign countries comes from France and Switzerland.
The electricity production market is completely liberalised.
Dispatching services include:
A complex network infrastructure allows the transport of
electricity to the end user, through the primary substations
(which transform high voltage electricity into medium voltage
electricity), the secondary substations (from medium voltage to
low voltage) and the transformers.The distribution
companies, operating under concessions, operate local,
low-voltage electricity grids and maintain them.
Sales companies, the final segment of the market, market
electricity to agriculture, industrial and tertiary enterprises
and to households.